FREEDOM 4 ALL ETHIOPIANS

FREEDOM,DEMOCRACY.JUSTICE.AND UNITY FOR ALL ETHIOPIANS …by DANIEL TESFAYE

Archive for the month “May, 2014”

ኢትዮጵያ እውነተኛ ልጇን አጣች

May 31, 2014

በልጅግ ዓሊ – ፍራንክፈርት

ብዙ የውጭ ሃገር ሰዎች ሃገራችንን ይወዳሉ። ከነዚህ ውስጥ አንዱ የኦስትርያ ተወላጅ የሆነው ካርልሃይንዝ ቦይም(Karlheinz Böhm ) ነበር። ነገር ግን ካርልሃይንዝ የዓለም ዜጋ(Weltbürger) ነኝ ብሎ ነበር የሚያምነው። ቢሆንም ካርልሃይንዝ 2003 የኢትዮጵያ የክብር ዜግነት ተቀብሏል።Karlheinz Böhm1

ይህንን ታላቅ ሰው ለመጀመሪያ ጊዜ ያየሁት ኢሊባቡር ውስጥ ጉመሮ ሻይ ተክል መጥቶ በነበረበት ወቅት ነው። በዚያ ወቅት የተነገረን የፊልም ተዋንያን መሆኑን ብቻ ነበር። ጀርመን ከመጣሁበት ቀን ጀምሮ ስለዚህ ሰው ደግነት በሰፊው ልረዳ ችያለሁ።

ካርልሃይንዝ በተወለደ በ86 ዓመቱ ያለፈው ሐሙስ ሌሊት ሳልዝቡርግ – አውስትሪያ ውስጥ ከዚህ ዓለም በሞት ተለይቷል።
ካርልሃይንዝ በኦስትርያ፣ በጀርመን እና በሲዊዘርላንድ የተከበረ የፊልም ተዋንያን ነበር። ካርልሃይንዝ የታወቀው ንጉስ ፍራንዝ( Kaiser Franz Joseph) ሆኖ በሠራው ፊልም ነበር። ከዛም በኋላ በተከታታይ ብዙ ፊልሞች ሰርቷል። ይህ ሰው በፊልም ታዋቂነቱ ሳያግደው ፣ የተንደላቀቀው ኑሮው ሳያጓጓው የሃገራችንን ሕዝብ ኑሮ እዛው እየኖረ ሕዝብን መርዳት የወሰነው 1976 ኬንያ ውስጥ ሆኖ ስለ አፍሪካ ችግር ባወቀበት ወቅት ነበር።

በጀርመን፣ በኦስትሪያና በስዊዘርላንድ ለሦስት ሃገሮች በሚተላለፈው የቴሌቪዥን የውድድር ፕሮግራም (“Wetten, dass..?”) ላይ በ1981 በእግድነት ቀርቦ ከሕዝቡ ጋር የውድድር ሃሳብ ያቀርባል ። በአፍሪካ ለደረስው ችግር እርዳታ የሚሆን ይህንን የቴሌቪዥን ፕሮግራም ከሚመለከተው ሕዝብ አንድ ሦስተኛው . . . አንድ የጀርመን ማርክ ወይም አንድ የስዊስ ፍራክ ወይም 7 የኦስትሪያ ሽልንግ ከሰጠ ችግሩ ባለበት ቦታ ሄጄ እረዳለሁ ብሎ ይወዳደራል።

ካርልሃይንዝ ምንም እንኳን በሚሊዮን የሚቆጠር እርዳታም ቢያገኝም የተከታተለው ሕዝብ አንድ ሦስተኛው የተወዳደረበትን ገንዘብ አልሰጠም። በዚህ ምክንያት ውድድሩን ያሸንፍና ወደ አፍሪካ መሄድ ግዴታው አይሆንም። ቢሆንም ግን ይህ ታዋቂ የፊልም ሰው ከዚያ ጊዜ ጀምሮ በዓላማው በመጥናት የተንደላቀቀውን ኑሮውን እርግፍ አድርጎ በመተው ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ የችግረኛውን ኑሮ እየኖረ እርዳታውን ለመስጠት ወሰነ። ከ1982 ጀምሮ ከፊልም ስራው ተለያይቶ በእርዳታው ላይ ብቻ አተኮረ።

ካርልሃይንዝ “ሰው ለሰው“ . . . “Menschen für Menschen” የሚባል ድርጅት አቋቁሞ ከ1981 ጀምሮ እርዳታ ሲደርግ ቆይቷል። እዛው ሃገራችን ውስጥ ካርልሃይንዝ ከወይዘሮ አልማዝ ጋር ተጋብቶ ይኖር ነበር። ወይዘሮ አልማዝ ካርልሃይንዝ ከታመመበት ጊዜ ጀምሮ የእርዳታ ድርጅቱን ሲመሩ ቆይተዋል። ካርልሃይንዝ 7 ልጆች ሲኖሩት ሁለቱ ከወይዘሮ አልማዝ የተወለዱ ናቸው።

ለካርልሃይን ቤተሰቦች መጽናናትን እመኛለሁ።

በዚህ አጋጣሚ የድረገጽ ባለቤቶች የዚህን ታላቅ ሰው ፎቶ በመለጠፍ ለሃገራችን ብዙ ላገለገለው ሰው ሃዘናችንን እንድንገልጽ ታደርጉልን ዘንድ በትህትና እጠይቃለሁ።

posted by Daniel tesfaye

Ethiopia holds editor-in-chief without charge – CPJ

Elias-Gebru-233x270
May 29,2014

New York, May 28, 2014–The Committee to Protect Journalists condemns the detention of a journalist without charge since Monday and calls on Ethiopian authorities to release him immediately. An Ethiopian court on Tuesday extended by 14 days the pre-trial detention of Elias Gebru, according to news reports.

Ethiopia’s federal police in the capital, Addis Ababa, summoned Elias, editor-in-chief of the independent news magazine Enku, for questioning in connection with a column published in his paper, according to news reports. The Awramba Times reported that the column discussed a monument recently erected outside the capital in honor of ethnic Oromos massacred in the 19th century by Emperor Menelik’s forces. The monument has ignited divisions between some Oromos and supporters of the emperor’s legacy.

Local journalists said authorities were attempting to link the paper’s publication to the deadly clashes between Oromo student protesters and security forces last month. Ethiopian authorities claimed eight protesters were killed in the violence, while news outlets and human rights groups cited witnesses as saying that security forces killed more than a dozen protesters.

At least 17 other journalists are in jail in Ethiopia in connection with their journalistic work, according to CPJ research. Only Eritrea holds more journalists behind bars in Africa, CPJ research shows.

“The detention without charge of Elias Gebru is the latest move by the Ethiopian government to tighten the noose on the country’s independent press,” said CPJ Africa Advocacy Coordinator Mohamed Keita. “We call on authorities to release Elias immediately and to stop arresting journalists as a means to quell information and debate.”

Elias is being held at the Maekelawi detention center, according to local journalists.

In 2008, thousands of copies of Enku magazine were seized by Ethiopian authorities in connection with the paper’s independent coverage of the trial of a pop singer who had been critical of the government, according to news reports. The copies were later returned.
posted by Daniel tesfaye

Ethiopia: Critical in-ward looking for Critical Moment

opinion-matters-300x176
May 27, 2014
Although the dangerously crafted and enforced political agenda by “our “ruling elites has spoken much more evidently and powerfully than words of any political literature for the last quarter of a century, what we are witnessing in several higher education institutions in the Oromia region at this moment in time is extremely alarming. The tyrannical ruling circle has once again unleashed its killing machine in response to those young students who have tried to express their concerns about those innocent citizens who have been displaced and are being displaced from their villages and homes, and exposed to a very gravely deep hopelessness under the cover of urban development. Not only this, but the ruling party is also trying hard to make the ethno-centric political agenda (the main weapon for its political power perpetuation) more dangerously inflammable. Needless to say, if we as a people are not seriously alarmed by and worried about this not new but the highest manifestation of the deadly political agenda of the last two decades by the TPLF/EPRDF, and if we do not do something that should go beyond political rhetoric as usual, there is no any sound reason not to face the worst we fear in our political and social history.

I am well aware that many fellow Ethiopians may see this fear as something that comes from a “pessimistic state of mind.” I am also aware that so many fellow Ethiopians may take our historical and socio-cultural ties for guaranteed for not to fear the worst. And I wholly agree that it is a great thing to remain optimistic and hopeful. However, mere optimism or hope remains mere wishful thinking without a well-thought, well- defined, well-strategized, well-planned and well-coordinated way of doing politics. Simply put, the tendency of pessimism could be negated by a real sense of hopefulness whenever there is a fertile or favorable ground on which a meaningful optimism could germinate, grow and develop. This process in its turn will take us to the next logical and consequential argument which critically addresses the very question of making things happen in such a way that they should help getting our objectives ( to live in freedom and prosperity) achieved. That is why the question of doing smart politics becomes much more critical than ever. What I do mean by smart politics is doing politics in such a way that it brings the huge gap between our rhetoric and action; and between our everyday words of promise and keeping that promise with a real sense of self-commitment at least to an acceptable level narrowing. I have no any illusion that this is a task that can be done as simple as anything. I would strongly argue that it has to be underscored here that this kind of critically desirable political task can be achieved if and only if we walk and act together as responsible citizens, opposition political parties and movements, civic organizations and other interest groups. There is no any other plausible and sustainable choice at all.An Ethiopian judgment and viewpoint

I have to underscore here that it would be not only very unfair but also terribly irrational to undermine certain progresses being made by some political opposition parties and movements which are trying to operate under dangerously hostile political environment. For instance, it is so encouraging to see and hear expressions of genuine concerns such as statements, interviews, panel discussions, vigils and demonstrations both back home and in the diaspora about the ongoing politically motivated and cold-blooded actions in those higher education institutions in the Oromia region. I want here to highlight very encouraging recent trends of togetherness in marching for freedom (peaceful demonstrations) organized by various genuinely concerned opposition political forces. I have an impression that these desirable trends could spark a sense of hope in the process of determining our common destiny and fate. I watched the march for freedom organized by Medrek on May 24, 2014 in Addis Ababa. I was deeply emotional (with my tearful eyes) when I saw Engineer Yilkal Getnet, chairman of the Blue Party and his deputy, Ato Selesh Feyessa right in the very front of the demonstration chanting slogans for freedom and justice. I was deeply touched when I heard that Engineer Gizachew Sheferaw (the chairman of Andinet), and leaders of the “thirty-three” have joined the march for freedom. My sense of emotion was a very powerful reflection of a very desperate aspiration for seeing a real sense of engagement among opposition political groups and make a meaningful difference that could shorten the untold sufferings of the people. Will these very desirable and truly encouraging trends get stronger and marvelously be successful and sustainable? Why not? But it must be noted that this sense of optimism depends heavily not simply on complaining who did that or this harm to us; but most importantly on the question of whether we did our part effectively or not, and getting ourselves ready to do what we should do and move forward.

Bernard Lewis, the author of a book, What Went Wrong: The Clash between Islam and Modernity in the Middle East, 2002 describes and analyzes the very question of why and how the countries of the region which are “the major centers of civilization” suffer from internal, regional and other external damaging factors. I found the following argument of which he states in his conclusion part truly universal and deeply powerful, and so relevant to our own case. He argues, “The question ‘who did this to us?’ has led only to neurotic fantasies and conspiracy theories. The other question: – ‘what did we do wrong?’ – has led naturally to a second question: ‘how do we put it right?’ In that question, and in the various answers that are being found lie the best hopes for the future.”

When it comes to our case, with all the challenges we have faced and mistakes we have made throughout our political history, we (Ethiopians) are one of the centers of ancient civilization, and with a very shining history of not-surrendering to external invaders and colonial powers. Unfortunately enough, this great part of our history has remained severely incomplete when it comes to the realization of the very essence of internal sovereignty of the people who had paid ultimate sacrifices for protecting and preserving an independent country, Ethiopia. Lewis has the following argument which I believe has a very strong relevant to our own case gain. He states his view point about how an ill-guided politics causes grave damages as follows: “…. Worst of all is the political result: The long quest for freedom has left a sting of shabby tyrannies, ranging from traditional authorities to new- style dictatorships, modern only in their apparatus of repression and indoctrination.” Needless to say, we Ethiopians have been victims of nostalgia for absolute and despotic ruling elites or families as the result of the worst military junta of seventeen years; and the incumbent ethno-centric tyrannical regime of TPLF/EPRDF for the last two decades. The very evil-driven apparatus of “kill on command for the sake of saving the revolution” by the military junta was straight-forward and naked political practice. The deadly notorious political apparatus of TPLF/EPRDF is multi-faceted and wickedly hypocritical. It is characterized mainly by the method of cracking down and eliminating any political opposition not only with open and naked force, but also with a highly systematic and dramatized methods of promoting, provoking and orchestrating dangerous hatred and animosity among nationalities not only in order to keep them apart but also to make them kill each other. This is exactly what we are witnessing at this moment in time. The evil-driven agenda of the ruling circle does not limit itself to the world of politics. It (the ruling party) has put its deadly hands on religious institutions and has caused a very severe damage that would be extremely challenging to correct what went wrong and bring back what is right unless we as a people go beyond making “wonderful rhetoric” about the dangerous political situation which is of course self- evident.

Have we as individual citizens, opposition political parties/ movements, civic associations and human rights advocacy groups taken significantly meaningful steps as far as the question of counter-challenging the deadly political agenda of the ruling elites is concerned? Needless to say, the answer is much more negative than positive. How about our seriousness about the ongoing alarming situations? Well, it is fair to say, as I mentioned earlier that we are witnessing some encouraging moves. However, we have to admit that we are still captives of “enjoying” wonderfully expressed words of mouths (rhetoric) than fairly sound actions. It is not uncommon to hear from any politician and even from ordinary citizen talking about the necessity of coming together in order to end the deadly ethno-centric politics of TPLF/EPRDF. It is uncommon to hear very interesting arguments about establishing a democratic country in which all her citizens live with equal rights, and her various ethnic groups and nationalities with mutual respect and shared prosperity. The very challenging question we continue to face are: what is the practical way out? Who is or are responsible for figuring out the road map towards achieving the goal we set (genuine political freedom, rule of law and socio-economic justice)? Why we terribly have failed to show the people (in practical terms) how to deal with the horrible situation they are forced to live in, not simply keep telling the horrible things being done to them (the people) by a tyrannical ruling elites of TPLF/EPRDF?

I am not a political strategist of this or that political entity. Neither I am a person to advise or tell those political parties and other human rights advocacy groups to go this way or that way. I am just one of ordinary persons (citizens) who strongly believe in expressing their view points about what is to be done to end the general (political, socio-economic, moral or ethical and even religious ) crises going on in our country. It is from this perspective of mine that I want to jot down the following couple of points:

a) As Dr. Merera Gudina and other genuinely concerned scholars and politicians repeatedly argue, the political culture of using terrible mistakes in our past (history) as playing cards for the present (short term) political consumption will have an enormous damage not only to this generation but also the generations to come. It goes without saying that although the politics of ethnic identity seems more serious because of the very political agenda and practice by TPLF/EPRDF, the mentality of preserving “Ethiopiawinet” that has no any room or tolerance for accommodating those who have different views and concerns is one of the greatest enemies of a real sense of togetherness as well as establishing a democratic Ethiopia in which all her citizens live with mutual respect and shared prosperity. I hear some fellow Ethiopians from both extreme sides trying to exploit the situations that have happened in different places of the Oromia region for their own ugly political agendas. Needless to say, those elements of unhealthy political environment can make many innocent citizens victims of their unhealthy political state of mind and ambition. Now, the question is: should we add fuel to this very ugly political game by engaging them (extreme elements) unwisely, emotionally, irrationally and with fierce and blind avoidance or rejection? Or should we challenge them if possible to influence them positively, if not to isolate them from the general public? I strongly believe that the latter is the right and the best way to deal with the political madness we are facing. How? By not only telling but most importantly showing the people what is good for all us and how we make it happen. Simply put, as what is terribly missing in our political activities is the very essence of living and leading by example, there is a very pressing need to figure out what went wrong and how we make it right. And I have to say that the signs we are witnessing from genuinely concerned opposition forces to handle the dangerous political games mainly by the ruling party and the very ugly contribution from the two extreme sides is truly encouraging. But, it has to be underscored that this kinds of handling the challenges we face should go beyond the politics of firefighting. I want to remain reasonably optimistic.

b) I earlier expressed my reasonably emotional impression when I watched leaders and members of political parties joining their hands and marching for freedom during the May 24, 2014 demonstration organized by Medrek. Now, the question that has to be reiterated is: will this truly inspiring start or trend pay the way for a more aggressive and sustainable way of doing politics? I am not naïve or unrealistic enough to expect those opposition political parties to iron out their differences over night and make a totally unified political entity. Not at all! But, I strongly argue that there is no any convincing reason or justification or excuse not to put aside differences that could be settled and/or managed through time, and work on and stand together around those big and critical national issues and common interests. The Ethiopian people deserve to have a political leadership that can take their legitimate causes a step ahead. And I sincerely believe that the need to do the politics of common issues in a much more collaborated and coordinated manner is the least that opposition political forces should deliver. I think one of the most notorious setback for a real sense of working together is our culture of making our political arguments and disagreements both within and between/among political parties stupidly personal. Yes, as soon as we wrongly perceive a political argument and disagreement against our way of ideas as personal moves and attacks, we become terribly victims of irrationality and static state of mind which in turn leads to frustration and of course the development of destructive behavior. Needless to say that this very undesirable, if not seriously harmful mentality has to do a lot with abnormally voracious egocentrism. Andualem Arage is powerfully right when he states in his truly remarkable book, YALTEHEDEBET MENGED (in Amharic , page 169) 2013 from the notorious Kaliti prison, “For most of us, any another position other than being in charge of party leaders does not make any meaning.” And I think that has been one of the major causes for miserable failures of many coalitions, alternative democratic forces, union of democratic forces and the like. I hope Andinet, Medrek, Semayawai, All Ethiopian, the ‘Thirty-three’ and the like will strive hard not to repeat very stupid and regrettable mistakes we have come across for the last two decades.

c) Politics in the diaspora? Yes, it has to be recognized that Ethiopian citizens abroad and Ethiopians by birth deserve due appreciation for what they have done and continue to do so. On the other side of the story, I do not think it is unfair to say that our political role in this regard is more disappointing than encouraging. This is true when we especially take the political environment (freedom) we live in and a relatively considerable number of Ethiopians or Ethiopian by origin who have financial and professional capacities to support the struggle back home. Although I do not have reliable and detail information about who contributes what and how much, I do not think the progress in the political performance and its influence on the effectiveness of the struggle back home is beyond the reach of our day-to-day observations. The culture of forming task forces, alliances, coalitions or shengos, transitional councils, community blocks, civic and advocacy groups and the like is a good thing. The problem is when it comes to the question of moving beyond holding regular and especial meetings, conferences, town house events and engaging in redundant and highly jargonized political rhetoric that has been the tendency for the last quarter of a century. I want strongly to reiterate that it is absolutely the right thing to make statements for or against that or this political force and wrong political agenda and actions. And sponsoring some of the ongoing marches for freedom (peaceful demonstrations) back home is truly encouraging.

But, what the very concern of my comment is about making a real sense of political integrity that could take the powerfully legitimate causes of the Ethiopian people a step forward; not doing certain symbolic things which are highly characterized by events. I am well aware that there may be fellow Ethiopians who take the formation of coalitions or shengos or councils or any other forms of political blocks as serious success stories and may perceive my point of argument as negative and destructive attitude. Well, I equally believe that as we cannot be on the same page and have same reading and perception and understanding, engaging ourselves in serious conversations is quite expected and healthy. What becomes abnormal and ugly is when we try to turn our conversations or arguments or debates into weapons of hatred and sheer personal attack. It is with this understanding of mine that I want to stress once again that compared with the terribly alarming situations in our country, the politicians in the diaspora in particular and we Ethiopians in the diaspora in general are not responding as effective as we should. Our politicians in the diaspora are still doing similar things over and over again: making more rhetoric, conducting redundant and jargonized interviews and conversations, calling for conferences and other forms of forums and telling their audiences the same stories of challenges, conducting annual meetings and other forms of anniversaries and producing press releases and communiques and so on and so forth. It is very unfortunate not see or witness significantly new steps in the real sense of political integrity and action. Once again, Andualem Arage is quite right when he says in his book on page 194, “…. Although it is not as great as the parties in Ethiopia, the number of parties in the diaspora causes not only astonishment but it also reflects their inability to solve problems through dialogue.” It is a good thing for the politicians in the diaspora to try to justify that the 13+ prominent individuals, political groupings, civic groups and committees have come together and form Congress (Shengo) because they basically and strongly share the same principles and objectives. What is astonishing is that they could not convince us why they could not go beyond doing things as usual (stay with the politics of talk show) if they are really in a state of strong cohesion of principles and objectives.

Let me sum up my opinion by expressing my hope for seeing a significantly meaningful way of doing politics in order to avert the danger we face and bring about the democratic change we desperately aspire.by T. Goshu
posted by Daniel tesfaye

Ethiopia: Crimes Against University Students and Humanity

Ethiopia: Crimes Against University Students and Humanity

May 26, 2014

by Alemayehu G. Mariam

On May 2, 2014, BBC reported that the security forces of the regime in Ethiopia had massacred at least 47 university and high school students in the town of  Ambo 80 miles west of the capital Addis Ababa. The regime dismissed the massacre and tried to sweep it under the rug claiming that a “few anti-peace forces incited and coordinated the violence”.  There has been little international coverage or outrage over the massacre.

Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a statement condemning the “shooting at and beating [of] peaceful protesters in Ambo, Nekemte, Jimma, and other towns”. According to HRW, the student “protests erupted over the release of the proposed Addis Ababa Integrated Development Master Plan” which would “expand Addis Ababa’s municipal boundary to include more than 15 communities in Oromia” and displace Oromo farmers and residents.HRW demanded an immediate end to the excessive use of force by the regime’s security forces against peaceful student demonstrators.The massacre of Ambo University and high school students

I am outraged beyond my ability to express my outrage in words. I grieve and ache for the students cut down by hails of bullets in the prime of their lives. They had an undeniable constitutional right to peacefully petition for grievances; because they exercised that right, we must now all grieve for them. I grieve for Ethiopia for it has lost its best and brightest children. I extend my deepest condolences to the families and friends of the victims of the massacre.

I abhor massacres. I got involved in Ethiopian and African human rights advocacy following the post-2005 election massacres of unarmed protesters in Ethiopia. Prior to that time, I had virtually no involvement in Ethiopian politics. I did not know the name Meles Zenawi “from Adam’s off ox”.

When troops under the personal control and command of the late Meles Zenawi massacred some 200 unarmed demonstrators and shot and wounded nearly 800 more (the actual figure is documented to be much more than that), I was hopping mad as hell. I just could not let Meles and his criminal gang get away with mass murder. For the past eight years, I have been advocating and promoting human rights in Ethiopia and Africa every single Monday without missing a single week.

I am hopping mad as hell today over the massacre of the dozens of unarmed university and high school students in Ambo and elsewhere as I was in 2005 when hundreds of unarmed protesters were slaughtered. I am hopping mad as hell that no one is ever held accountable for massacring innocent people in Ethiopia. There is a long and shameful culture of impunity in Ethiopia. Mengistu Hailemariam committed mass murder and has not been held accountable. That mass murderer said he “did not hurt a fly” while he was in power. He did kill tens of thousands of innocent people. He is comfortably living out his twilight years in Zimbabwe writing fiction and fables about his time in office.

Meles Zenawi received divine justice. His surviving disciples and comrades today thumb their noses at justice. The perpetrators of the massacres of 2005 today roam the streets free. Yet we know the names of each and every “federal police” thug who participated in the massacres. In a report entitled “Modernizing Internal Security in Ethiopia” counterterrorism expert Col. Michael Dewar, British Army (Rtd.) revealed that the Director General of the Ethiopian Federal Police Werkneh Gebeyehu told him that “as a direct result of the 2005 riots, he [had] sacked 237 policemen.” Not a single one of these  criminals who committed the massacres or the criminal bosses who ordered the massacres have been brought to justice.  Meles’s own Inquiry Commission in 2007 damned Meles for the use of deadly force and absolved the peaceful unarmed protesters of any criminal or civil liability.

In December 2003, Meles Zenawi’s troops in a series of attacks in Gambella killed 400 Anuaks and destroyed over 1000 homes. The Meles regime subsequently issued a statement “apologizing for not acting proactively and promised to stand on the side of the victims to see that justice is done.” At the time, the regime claimed to have identified dozens of suspects in the Anuak massacres. No soldier, police or security official has ever been prosecuted, held accountable or sanctioned for those crimes against humanity in Gambella.

Beginning in October 2007, Meles Zenawi launched a crackdown against insurgents in the Ogaden region which quickly expanded into a program of collective punishment for Ogadeni civilians. Meles’ troops destroyed  entire villages and committed rape, murder and pillage. They hanged and beheaded suspects to terrorize the population. A Human Rights Watch told the U.S. House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health that “the Ogaden is not Darfur. But the situation in Ogaden follows a frighteningly familiar pattern”. Retired general and formed U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell declared genocide had occurred in Darfur. By the same token, in 2007-08 a “mini-genocide” occurred in the Ogaden. No one has been brought to justice for the Ogaden massacres. The catalogue of massacres by the regime in Ethiopia is voluminous.

I have no illusions that those who committed the “Black Tuesday” massacres at Ambo University and other institutions and towns will ever be brought to justice under the current regime. Not only will there be no prosecution, there will not even be an investigation. The best that could be expected is a kangaroo police investigation if the public could bring sustained pressure on the regime. Of course, the outcome will be a surefire whitewash. The final report of that kangaroo investigation will conclude that a “few anti-peace forces incited and coordinated the violence.”

Opposition leaders inside the country and in the Ethiopian Diaspora must speak in one voice in demanding a swift and independent investigation into the massacres in Ambo and elsewhere. We have to go beyond moral condemnations and demand legal action in local kangaroo courts and international tribunals. We should put the kangaroo courts on trial in the court of international public opinion. We must take advantage of remedies available in international bodies and political institutions in donor states.

I am calling on the regime to launch an independent investigation into the massacres of Ambo University students and other peaceful protesters in Nekemte, Jimma and other locations. I am under no delusion or illusion that the regime will heed my call. I know they do not give a rat’s behind about anything I say.

I am calling for an independent investigation for a different reason. I want to name and shame the Obama Administration, the Cameron Government in the U.K., the European Union, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and the rest (except China for whom a single death is a tragedy and thousands of deaths a statistic) who provide billions of dollars annually to a regime that massacres its best and brightest youth. I want to call attention to the fact that American, British and European taxpayers are bankrolling child killers in Ethiopia. I want to call attention to the fact that the silence of the West in the face of such horrific crimes against schoolchildren and university students cries out to their complicity in crimes against children, crimes against the most vulnerable members of humanity.

Only the Western donors and loaners have the financial muscle to demand and insist on an independent investigation so that the police and security officials who committed the killings of the Ambo schoolchildren and university students and those who authorized or condoned it could be brought to justice. I also know for a fact that the Western bankrollers of the regime will never call for an investigation because they don’t give a  s _ _t about Ethiopia’s children. I am calling them out though!!!

In my call for an investigation, I accuse the Obama Administration, the Cameron Government, the European Union, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund as the silent aiders and abettors before and after the fact in the commission of crimes against humanity in Ethiopia. They know in their own laws that those who aid and abet directly or indirectly in the commission of a crime are just as guilty as those who actually committed the crime.  George Bush said, “We will make no distinction between the terrorists who committed these acts and those who harbor them.”  Well said.

I have a personal confession to make. Perhaps it will help my reader understand why I am hopping mad about the massacre of Ambo University and high school students and others. The Ambo massacres are not mere issues of human rights advocacy. They are personal.  As I imagine things, I tell myself that in a different place and in a different time, the massacred students could have been MY students taking my courses. They could have been in my lecture classes or sitting in my advanced special topics seminars.  I would have known each one of them by name. I would have read their papers and graded their exams. I would have stopped them on campus and asked them why they missed class and enjoy watching them squirm trying to come up with excuses. I would have challenged them to achieve academic excellence. They could have been my advisees. I could have mentored them for a career in the legal profession or other areas of public policy. I could have written them recommendation letters. I may even have been able to help place the most able ones at some of the best graduate and professional schools in the world. They could have been MY students!!!

I would have been very proud to have them as MY students.  I would have challenged them to think critically. I would have challenged them not to think outside the box but to make their own thought boxes. I would have taught them to challenge the orthodoxy of ideas and always be skeptical of dogma and ideologies. I would have taught them to be open and independent-minded and act on evidence instead of hunches and emotions.  Above all, I would have taught them to stand up for their beliefs and never, never back down from speaking truth to tyranny. How I would have been proud to be their teacher and mentor!

Just as I believe Ethiopia’s youth are Ethiopia’s future, I also believe America’s youth are America’s future. American college and university students have been the tip of the spear in social and political change. So have Ethiopian university students. From the days of the Freedom Rides to the Free Speech Movement at UC Berkeley to the anti-war movement in the 1960s, American university students remained in the vanguard of social and political change. So were Ethiopian university students from the days of imperial rule.

Things changed on American campuses on May 4, 1970 at Kent State University in Ohio when Ohio National Guardsmen opened fire on unarmed college students firing 67 rounds over a period of 13 seconds. Those students were protesting President Nixon’s expansion of the Vietnam War into Cambodia. The Kent State massacres were the only time in American history that tens of millions of American university and high school students went on strike and closed down their institutions. The Kent State killings were the straw that broke the camel’s back. By 1973, the Vietnam War had effectively ended as the U.S. began withdrawing its combat units.

For the past 44 years, the U.S. government has refused to acknowledge responsibility for the Kent State killings. That has not stopped patriotic Americans from seeking accountability for the massacre, including efforts to hold the U.S. government accountable before the United Nations Human Rights Committee. The Kent State killers may never be brought to justice, but the ongoing efforts on their behalf sends a clear message to the U.S. government that it cannot use its armed forces (or its drones) to kill citizens for expressing their dissenting political beliefs.

The Ambo University and high school students and others at least deserve as much as the Kent State University students. We must never stop demanding justice for them before domestic courts or international tribunals.  I call for an investigation not only to name and shame the regime’s international supporters but also because I believe, as did James Russell Lowell, that “Truth (will not) forever (remain) on the scaffold, (nor) Wrong (remain) forever on the throne.” I believe that “behind the dim unknown, Standeth God within the shadow, keeping watch above his own.”

Speak up and demand justice for the massacred Ambo University and high school students and others!

When Ambo University students were massacred, not all of Addis Ababa University students came out. Many remained silent. Mekele University students did not protest. They stayed put and remained silent. Students at Bahr Dar, Gondar, Dire Dawa and other universities also remained silent.

Silence in the face of crimes against humanity – my silence, your silence, the silence of the Obama Administration, the Cameron Government, the European Union, the World Bank, the IMF and the African Union — is the real criminal as we have learned from Martin Neimoller, the German anti-Nazi theologian and Lutheran pastor:

When the Nazis came for the communists,
I remained silent;
I was not a communist.

When they locked up the social democrats,
I remained silent;
I was not a social democrat.

When they came for the trade unionists,
I did not speak out;
I was not a trade unionist.

When they came for the Jews,
I remained silent;
I wasn’t a Jew.

When they came for me,
there was no one left to speak out.

I feel the same way as Nimoller.

When they came for the Amharas “sefaris from North Gojam” in Bench Maji,
When they ethnically cleansed the Amharas in Benishangul,
I remained silent;
I was not an Amhara.

When they hunted down and killed the Anuaks in Gambella,
I remained silent;
I was not an Anuak.

When they strafed and bombed the Ogadenis and burned their villages,
I remained silent;
I was not an Ogadeni.

When they built dams and damned the Omotic peoples,
I remained silent;
I was not Mursi, Suri, Nyangatom, Dizi or Me’en.

When they massacred Oromo students in Ambo,
I remained silent;
I was not an Oromo student.

When they came for me,

there was no one left to speak out.

For me, it does not matter if you are an Oromo, a Tigrean, an Anuak, a Gurage, an Amhara, an Ogadeni, a Mursi… For me, you are an Ethiopian. I love you just as you are! I will NEVER, NEVER remain silent when you are victimized by human wrongs and deprived of your human rights!

Lately, I have been cross with Barack Obama. In as much as I was his staunchest supporter in 2008, I am his staunchest critic in 2014 on his human rights (wrongs) policy in Africa. Regardless, I will always agree with his fundamental values about America. “There is not a liberal America and a conservative America—there is the United States of America. There is not a Black America and a White America and Latino America and Asian America—there’s the United States of America.”

For me there is not an Oromo, a Tigrean, an Amhara, a Gambellan, an Ogadeni, a Mursi, a Gurage… Ethiopian – there is only an Ethiopian. For me, our humanity in our Ethiopianity is infinitely more important than our identity in our ethnicity. This is my simple creed!!!

Professor Alemayehu G. Mariam teaches political science at California State University, San Bernardino and is a practicing defense lawyer.

posted by Daniel tesfaye

 

A Democratic Hero who deserves our appreciation!

May 23, 2014

For a successful revolution it is not enough that there is discontent. What is required is a profound and thorough conviction of the justice, necessity and importance of political and social rights. B. R. Ambedkar (Roughly translated in to Amharic: ወጤታማ የሆነ ፖለቲካዊ ለወጥ ‘ኣብዮት’ ለማመጣት የሚያሰፈልገዎ በሆኔታዎች መጥፎ መሆን ማላዘን አይደለም ይልቁንስ ዋናው አስፈለጊው ነገር ለፍትህ ለፖለቲካዊ እና ማህበረስባዊ መብት መከበር ኣስፈላጊነት ጠንካራ የሆነ እምነት ይዞ ማራመድ እንጂ)Abebe Gellaw Ethiopian Democratic Hero

Yes, this Quote from Ambedkar speaks a volume about the need of having a strong belief (conviction) in change i.e. for a real change to take place in a society where there is a deep rooted discontent because of injustice.

So in this respect it is fair to say that Ethiopia is blessed to have sons and daughters who struggle with conviction, commitment and dedication to bring a democratic change in Ethiopia so that each and every Ethiopians can live equally in a justice, democratic, and united Ethiopia.

One of the many remarkable Ethiopians who have strong conviction and dedication to such noble cause is Journalist & Activist Abebe Gellaw. Abebe Gellaw is a highly educated professional journalist who earned his bachelor’s degree from Addis Ababa University and a post-graduate diploma from London Metropolitan University. Abebe Gellaw’s excellence in his profession and the achievements he made in his life time is several and simply amazing.

Just to mention some of his several achievements:

He has for example received many awards and bursaries (i.e. monetary awards) such as:

1. An international journalism training bursary at the London-based Reuters Foundation in 1998.
2. He also received a Champions of Change Millennium Award in 2002
3. He was even awarded with lifetime membership of the Millennium Awards Fellowships in the UK.
4. He even received a British Telecom Community Connections Award that same year.
5. Abebe Gellaw was also one of the few professional journalists who were sponsored by the world biggest Internet Company Yahoo at Stanford University in 2008-09. https://www.flickr.com/photos/yodelanecdotal/3329635076/
As many of his achievements are unquestionably amazing, it’s even worth noticing how responsible, honest, rational, balanced and down to earth he is.

In his dedication for a democratic and noble cause, Abebe has on different occasions reaffirmed his decision to keep on his engagement as a democratic activist, case in point is the promise he made when he was selected as one of the 197 Young Global Leaders by World Economic Forum.

On this occasion Abebe said “I am not only thrilled but also humbled to be included in this year’s World Economic Forum list of honorees. I will take advantage of this global opportunity to promote the causes that are closer to the heart of Ethiopians such as the struggle for freedom, respect for human rights and dignity in Ethiopia,”

As you all know, Abebe Gellaw was one of the 197 Young Global Leaders who were selected by World Economic Forum from a pool of nearly 5000 nominees from around the world for their “professional accomplishments, commitment to society and potential to contribute to shaping the future of the world.”

Few names who were selected with him were Evan Williams, Co-founder and CEO of Twitter, Steven Chen, Co-founder and Chief Technologist of YouTube, Jon Favorue, Obama’s chief speech writer, Nelson Mandela’s grandson and South African Member of Parliament, Mandla Mandela, Saudi Arabian Prince Khalid Bin Bandar Bin Sultan, Crown Princess Mette-Marrit of Norway, sixteen Ministers from around the world and many CEOs

Keeping his promise, Abebe has continued his struggle in his democratic activist role using his wisdom, knowledge, skill and experience.

Here are some of the many occasions that he raised the concerns of millions of Ethiopians on different forums where world decision makers are gathered.

  • In Tanzania: Abebe confronted Meles Zenawi at the World Economic Forum on Africa, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, May 2010 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dI598aBMCvI
  • In Norway: In 2012, At Oslo freedom forum, where humanitarian issues come to the top of the global agenda, Abebe gave eye-opening presentations to the gathered audience and thereby exposed the TPLF tyranny to the whole world attending through different medias. http://www.oslofreedomforum.com/speakers/abebe_gellaw.html
    • In USA Washington: The Prominent journalist Abebe Gellaw confronted the late hated dictator Meles Zenawi by interrupting his speech at the Symposium that was held at Reagan Building & International Trade Center in Washington DC where the attendants of the Symposium include, Barack Obama, President of the United States of America; Hillary Rodham Clinton, Secretary, United States Department of State; and 3 African leaders. http://ecadforum.com/ethiopianvideo/2012/05/18/esat-breaking-news-meles-zenawi-humiliated/
    • On May 8, 2014, Ethiopian journalist and freedom activist respectfully interrupted President Barack Obama at a Democratic National Committee Fundraiser and called on his support to stand with the oppressed people of Ethiopia. Fortunately, President Barack Obama also agreed with Abebe’s call for freedom and systematically made it clear that a foreign policy change will be needed. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NR0w__Zbu94/

The fact that Abebe, in addition to his appeal to Obama, even has taken the advantage of his presence on the fundraising to inform other US High officials about the ongoing repression in Ethiopia is very admirable.

Here are some of the many occasions that he raised the concerns of millions of Ethiopians on different forums where world decision makers are gathered.

Abebe Gellaw is the only Ethiopian who actually systematically succeed in taking the freedom demand of the Ethiopian people to as high level as it can go.

Abebe apart from being very active in his advocacy role on different global arena, he has obviously been one of the founders and program host on ESAT, in which he interviewed several US high officials who direct or indirectly can have an impact on Ethiopian politics.

Apart from being a program host on ESAT he himself also has been active in debating with different people on ESAT, VOA and on other different Medias as a defender of human right issues in Ethiopia.

This link here below can take you to one of the many videos posted on ESAT on which we can watch Abebe debating with one of TPLF cadres and wisely and intellectually puts his fact based argument about the repressive nature of TPLF.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NR0w__Zbu94

To make the long story short, Abebe Gellaw is a great democratic Ethiopian who is a good role model for millions of Ethiopians.

We Ethiopians need to appreciate and support such precious Ethiopian like Abebe Gellaw, as we also need to encourage other democratic activist Ethiopians who are engaged in the struggle at home and in different parts of the world.

It’s only when we support and encourage those who struggle for a peaceful, united, and democratic Ethiopia, where freedom and justice can prevail in our country.by Nesanet Nerese

May GOD Bless Ethiopians and Ethiopia!

posted by Daniel tesfaye

የአሜሪካ የሸፍጥ ዲፕሎማሲ “አስቂኝ የመድረክ ትወና”

May 22, 2014

ከፕሮፌሰር አለማየሁ ገብረማርያም
ትርጉም በነጻነት ለሀገሬ

የኦባማ አስተዳደር የሰብአዊ መብት አያያዝ ፖሊሲ “አስቂኝ የመድረክ ትወና ነውን”?

የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ የመንግስት መምሪያ ጸሐፊ የሆኑት ጆን ኬሪ ባለፈው ሳምንት የሶሪያን ፕሬዚዳንት ባሽር አላሳድን “አሸባሪ” ወንጀለኛ ናቸው ብለው ከፈረጁ በኋላ የአላሳድ የቀጣዩ ዓመት የምርጫ ዕቅድም “አስቂኝ የመድረክ ትወና” ነው ብለው ተችተው ነበር፡፡ ኬሪ በመቀጠልም እንዲህ በማለት ሀሳባቸውን አጠናክረው ነበር፣ “አሳድ ከአሸባሪ ኃይሎች ጋር ህብረትን ፈጥረዋል፣ አሸባሪዎችንም እያቀረቡ እና እየረዱ ነው፣ እናም በእራሳቸው ህዝብ ላይ አሸባሪነትን በመፈጸም ዕኩይ ተግባራት ላይ ተዘፍቀው ይገኛሉ፡፡“ እንዲሁም ኬሪ የሚከተለውን ነገር አጽንኦ በመስጠት ተናግረዋል፣ “የአሳድ ፕሬዚዳንታዊ የምርጫ ዕቅዶች ለታዕይታ የተዘጋጁ አስቂኝ የመድረክ ትወናዎች ናቸው፡፡ በዚህ መልኩ ለመተግበር የሚደረጉ ምርጫዎችም በህዝብ ላይ የሚካሄዱ ዘለፋዎች ናቸው፣ እንደዚህ ዓይነቶቹ ዕኩይ የምርጫ ዕቅዶች በሶሪያ እና በዓለም ህዝቦች ዴሞክራሲ ላይ የሚቃጡ ሸፍጦች ናቸው፣“ ብለው ነበር፡፡President Barack Obama's Africa policy

አሳድ በ21ኛው ክፍለ ዘመን የሶሪያን ህዝብ አሳር ፍዳውን በማሳየት ላይ የሚገኙ እና በዘመኑ የሰውን ልጅ ከሚያሰቃዩ አምስት የመጀመሪያዎቹ ወሮበላ ወንጀለኞች ምድብ ውስጥ እንደሚካተቱ ምንም ዓይነት ጥርጣሬ የለኝም፡፡ እ.ኤ.አ ሜይ 2007 በተደረገው ምርጫ ባሽር 97.6 በመቶ ድምጽ በማግኘት ለሰባት ዓመታት ለሁለተኛ ጊዜ የአገሪቱ ፕሬዚዳንት ሆነው ተመረጡ፡፡ በዚያን ጊዜ የአሜሪካን የዉጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር ቃል አቀባይ የነበሩት ማኮርማክ እንዲህ የሚል መልዕክት አስተላልፈው ነበር፣ “በሶሪያ ያለው ገዥ አካል ዕጩ ተወዳዳሪዎች እንደልብ በህዝቡ ውስጥ ተንቀሳቅሰው ሀሳባቸውን በመግለጽ መመረጥ እንዳይችሉ ለማድረግ በህዝቡ ላይ እየፈጸመ ባለው ማስፈራራት እና በሰላማዊ የፖለቲካ ተቀናቃኞቻቸው ላይ የሚያራምዱት ግፍ የተሞላበት ጭቆና ላይ የቀረበው ዘገባ ዩናይትድ ስቴትስን ያሳስባታል፡፡ የሶሪያ ህዝብ ተማዕኒነት ያለው ግልጽ እና በህዝቡ ሙሉ ተሳትፎ ላይ የተመሰረተ ፖለቲካዊ ድባብን በመፍጠር ፍትሀዊ ምርጫ የማድረግ እና የሚወክሉትን ዕጩዎች መምረጥ እንዳይችል ባሽር አላሳድ መብቱን ቀምተውታል“ በማለት ሀሳባቸውን አጠቃለዋል፡፡ ስለአሳድ “አስቂኝ የምርጫዎች ትወና መድረክ” ማውሳት አዲስ ነገር አይደለም፡፡

እ.ኤ.አ ማርች 2011 የቀድሞ የየአሜሪካን የዉጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር የነበሩት ሂላሪ ክሊንተን ደም ለተጠሙት ባሽር አላሳድ (በሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ የሶሪያ ሰላማዊ ህዝቦችን ካለፈው ኦክቶበር ጀምሮ ቢያንስ 14 ጊዜ በኬሚካላዊ መሳሪያ ለጨፈጨፉት) መልካም ስብዕና ጥብቅና ቆመው ተስተውለዋል፡፡ እንዲህ በማለትም ሀሳባቸውን አጠናክረው ነበር፣ “በአሁኑ ጊዜ በሶሪያ ለየት ያለ መሪ አለ፡፡ ባለፉት ጥቂት ወራት ወደ ሶሪያ በመሄድ ጉብኝት አድርገው የተመለሱት በርካታ የሁለቱም ፓርቲዎች (ዴሞክራቶች እና ሬፐብሊካኖች) የኮንግረስ አባላት አላሳድ የለውጥ አራማጅ ሀዋርያ በመሆናቸው ላይ እምነት እንዳላቸው ገልጸው ነበር “ ብለዋል፡፡ ይህ ሁኔታ በአንድ ጊዜ ተቀይሮ ከሶስት ዓመታት ባነሰ ጊዜ ውስጥ አሳድ “የለውጥ አራማጅ ሀዋርያ” መሆናቸው ቀርቶ ወደለየለት “አሸባሪነት” እና የዘር ማጥፋት ወንጀል ተዋናይነት ተቀይረው ተገኙ፡፡ እንደ ሂላሪ አባባል የት ይደርስ የተባለ ወይፈን አጎንብሶ ሲጠባ ተገኘ መሆኑ ነውን?

በእኔ የአዕምሮ ዕይታ ኬሪ በአላሳድ ላይ እያሰሟቸው ያሏቸው የውግዘት ቃላት ተመሳሳይ ጥያቄዎችን እንዳነሳ ያስገድዱኛል፡፡ የኦባማ አስተዳደር የሰብአዊ መብት አያያዝ ፖሊሲ “ለአስቂኝ የመድረክ ትወና” የዲፕሎማሲ አካሄድ ነው ብሎ በእርግጠኝነት መናገር ይቻላልን? በዓለም ላይ “ሸፍጥ” ለመስራት የተቀነባበረ ተንኮል ነውን? ይህ ሁኔታ ሆን ተብሎ ህዝብን እና የሰብአዊ መብት ጥበቃን ለመዘለፍ እና ለማዋረድ የሚደረግ ደባ ነውን? የኦባማ አስተዳደር የሰብአዊ መብት አያያዝ ዲፕሎማሲን በአስመሳይነት ወይም ደግሞ “በዲፕሎክራሲ” (የዓለም አቀፍ የሰብአዊ መብት አያያዝ ፖሊሲውን አስመሳይነት ለመግለጽ የተጠቀምኩበት ትርጉም ነው) ሰበብ ተጨባጭነት በሌለው መልኩ ለይስሙላ እየተጠቀመበት ነውን? ማንም ቢሆን አመልካች ጣቱን በሌሎች ሰዎች ላይ ሲቀስር ሶስቱ ጣቶቹ ተቀስረው ወደ እራሱ እንደሚያመለክቱ በጥንቃቄ መገንዘብ ይኖርበታል፡፡

እ.ኤ.አ ኤፕሪል 2013 የመንግስት መምሪያ ቃል አቀባይ የነበሩት ኬሪ ኒኮላስ ማዱሮ በቤንዙዌላ በምርጫ አሸንፈው የአገሪቱ ፕሬዚዳንት መሆናቸውን እውቅና እንደማይሰጡ እና እንደማይቀበሉ አሳወቁ፡፡ ማዱሮ ያንን ምርጫ በጣም በጠበበ ሁኔታ 50.66 በመቶ ድምጽ በማግኘት አሸንፈው ነበር፡፡ የተቃዋሚው ፓርቲ መሪ የነበሩት ሄንሪክ ካፕሪልስ ስለምርጫው ነጻ እና ፍትሀዊ አለመሆን ጉዳይ አስመልክቶ ዝርዝር ታሪኩን ከተናገሩ በኋላ ኬሪም የእርሳቸውን ሀሳብ በመቀበል የሀሳባቸው ተጋሪ በመሆን እንዲህ ብለው ነበር፣ “ስለምርጫው ዝርዝር ማብራሪያ መሰጠት የነበረበት መሆኑን እናምናለን…በግልጽ ለመናገር ከፍተኛ የሆኑ የምርጫ ግድፈቶች ተከስተው ከሆነ ስለሚመሰረተው የማዱሮ መንግስት ቅቡልነት በርካታ ጠንካራ ጥያቄዎችን የምናነሳ ይሆናል“ ብለው ነበር፡፡ በተጨማሪም የኋይት ሀውስ ቤተ መንግስት ቃል አቀባይ የሆኑት ጃይ ካርኔይ በተመሳሳይ መልኩ ስለምርጫው አፈጻጸም ዝርዝር ማብራሪያ መቅረብ እንዳለበት በመግለጽ መግለጫ አወጡ፡፡

ዚምባብዌ እ.ኤ.አ ኦገስት 2013 ፕሬዚዳንታዊ ምርጫ ባካሄደችበት ወቅት ኬሪ እንዲህ ብለው ነበር፣ “በግልጥ በማያሳስት መልክ እንየው፣ በአገር ውስጥ እና በአህጉራዊ የምርጫ ታዛቢዎች በቀረበው ዘገባ መሰረት በርካታ ግድፈቶች የተንጸባረቁበት ምርጫ መሆኑን የገለጹ ቢሆንም ዩናይትድ ስቴትስ በዛሬው ዕለት ይፋ የሆነው የምርጫ ውጤት የዚምባብዌን ህዝብ ፍላጎት የሚያሟላ ነው የሚል እምነት የላትም…የቀረበው ማስረጃ እንደሚያረጋግጠው የዛሬው የምርጫ ውጤት የረቀቀ እና ጥልቅ የሆነ የምርጫ ማጭበርበር ሂደት ማክተሙን ያረጋገጠ ነው “ ብለው ነበር፡፡ ያም ሆነ ይህ ሙጋቤ በዚያን ጊዜ በተካሄደው ምርጫ 61 በመቶ ድምጽ በማግኘት ነገር ያሸነፉት፡፡

እ.ኤ.አ ሜይ 2010 በኢትዮጵያ በተካሄደው ፓርላሜንታዊ ምርጫ በቅርቡ ያረፉት አቶ መለስ ዜናዊ 99.6 በመቶ ድምጽ በማግኘት አሸንፊያለሁ ብለው ሲያውጁ ዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ሁኔታው “የሚያሳስበን እና በጉዳዩም ላይ ያለንን ጥልቅ ስጋት እንገልጻለን” በማለት የተለመዱ እና አሰልች የግዴታ አይነት የቃላት መግለጫዎችን ከመስጠት በዘለለ ስለምርጫ ዘረፋው ህገወጥነት በተጨባጭ በመሬት ላይ የሚታይ ያደረጉት አንድም ድርጊት አልነበረም፡፡ የኋይት ሀውስ ብሄራዊ ደህንነት ቃል አቀባይ የሆኑት ሚክ ሀመር እንዲህ ብለው ነበር፣ “ዓለም አቀፍ የምርጫ ታዛቢዎች ቡድን የምርጫ ሂደቱን ከታዘበ በኋላ ባወጣው መግለጫ መሰረት ምርጫው ዓለም አቀፍ የምርጫ መስፈርትን አያሟላም፣ ስለሆነም በዚህ ጉዳይ ላይ ያለንን ስጋት እንገልጻለን፡፡ የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ኤምባሲ ባለስልጣኖች በምርጫው ዕለት ከአገሪቱ ርዕሰ መዲና ወጣ በማለት በየአቅጣጫው ተዘዋውረው የምርጫውን ሂደት ለመታዘብ ያቀረቡት ጥያቄ ተቀባይነት ያልተሰጠው በመሆኑ የተሰማንን ቅሬታ እንገልጻለን፡፡ ነጻ የሆነ የምርጫ ታዛቢ ያለማግኘት እና ባሉት የነጻ ሜዲያ ተወካይ ታዛቢዎች ላይ የሚደረገው የማሸማቀቅ ስራ ለችግሩ መፍትሄ ከመስጠት ይልቅ በጣም የተወሳሰበ እንዲሆን አድርጎታል፡፡ ከምርጫው ዕለት በፊት እንኳ ነጻ እና ፍትሀዊ የምርጫ ከባቢ አልነበረም… ለነገሩ እ.ኤ.አ በ2010 በኢትዮጵያ የተካሄደው “ፓርላሜንታዊ ምርጫ” አስቂኝ የምርጫ ትወና መድረክ ነበርን? የዚህ ዓይነት መሰሪ እና ዕኩይ ተግባራት በኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ እና በዓለም ላይ የሚካሄድ ዘለፋ እና በዴሞክራሲ ላይ የሚደረግ ሸፍጥ ነውን?“

በዝንጀሮ ቆንጆዎች መካከል የቀንጅና ውድድር አይካሄድም ሆኖም ግን ዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ባሽር አላሳድ 97.6 በመቶ ድምጽ በማምጣት ፕሬዚዳንታዊ ምርጫውን አሸንፈዋል በማለት ስታወግዝ በኢትዮጵያ በተደረገው ፓርላሜንታዊ “የብዙሀን ፓርቲ” ተብዬ ምርጫ አቶ መለስ ዜናዊ 99.6 በመቶ ድምጽ በማግኘት አሸነፍኩ ብለው ድንፋታ ሲያሰሙ ዩናይትድ ስቴትስ አልሰማሁም፣ አላየሁም በማለት ጆሮ ዳባ ልበስ ብላለች፡፡

የኦባማን የሰብአዊ መብት መርህ መገንዘብ፣

የኦባማ የሰብአዊ መብት አያያዝ መርህ ግልጽ እና ቀጥተኛ ይመስላል፡፡ የሰብአዊ መብት አያያዝ ፖሊሲ የማውጣት ስራ በዋናነት ከሁለት ሰይጣኖች መካከል የትኛው የተሻለ ምርጫ ሊሆን ይችላል እንደማለት ነው፡፡ ዓለም እንደ እነ አሳድ፣ ሙጋቤ እና ማዱሮ ባሉ በሰው ልጆች ላይ ወንጀልን የሚፈጽሙ የተጠሉ “ሰው በላ ጭራቆች” የተሞላች ናት፡፡ እንዲሁም እንደ የግብጹ ኢል ሲሲ ፣ የኡጋንዳው ሙሴቤኒ፣ የሩዋንዳው ካጋሜ እና በቅርቡ በህይወት የተለዩት የኢትዮጵያው አቶ መለስ ዜናዊ በሰው ልጆች ላይ ተመሳሳይ የወንጀል ድርጊቶችን የፈጸሙ እና አሁንም በመፈጸም ላይ ያሉ የተሻሉ ““ሰው በላ ጭራቆች” ናቸው፡፡ በሁለቱ ጭራቆች መካከል ያለው ልዩነት የኋለኞቹ የእኛው “ሰው በላ ጭራቆች” መሆናቸው ነው፡፡ የእራሳችንን ስራ ይሰሩልናል፡፡ ትዛዛችን ይቀበላሉ:: ለዚህ ውለታቸው ደግሞ ነጻ እንቅስቃሴ እንዲያደርጉ ይፈቀድላቸዋል፡፡ በየዓመቱ በምጽዋት ስም በቢሊዮኖች የሚቆጠሩ የአሜሪካ ዶላሮች እንሰጣቸዋለን፡፡” በማለት ዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ሀሳቧን አጠቃላለች፡፡

እ.ኤ.አ በ2008 ዕጩ ተመራጭ ኦባማ በማያቋርጥ ሁኔታ በየጊዜው በዋሽንግተን በሚወጡት “እምነት የማይጣልባቸው” “የውጭ ፖሊሲ መርሆዎች” ላይ የተሰማቸውን ቅሬታ ገልጸው ነበር፡፡ ይህንን ጉዳይ በማስመልከት እንዲህ ብለው ነበር፣ “ልንታገላቸው ከሚገቡን ጠላቶች መካከል በእርግጠኝነት አንዱ አሸባሪነት ብቻ አይደለም… ይልቁንም እምነት የለሽ መሆንም አንዱ እና ዋናው ነው፡፡ “በስድስት ዓመታት የፕሬዚዳንትነት ዘመናቸው የኦባማ የሰብአዊ መብት ጥበቃ አያያዝ ፖሊሲ ደጋፊዎቻቸው ኦባማን ወደ ታማኝ የለሽነት አውቶብስ ጎማ ስር ውስጥ ወርዉረዋቸዋል፡፡ የሂዩማን ራይትስ ዎች ዋና ዳይሬክተር የሆኑት ኬን ሮዝ በቅርቡ የሚከተለውን ምልከታ አድርገው ነበር፣ “ፕሬዚዳንት ኦባማ የሰብአዊ መብት ጉዳዮችን ቀዳሚ የትኩረት አጀንዳ አድርገው ባለመያዛቸው ምክንያት በርካቶችን አሳዝነዋል፡፡“ ወሳኝ በሆኑ የሰብአዊ መብት ጉዳዮች ላይ ለመደራደር የሚያሳዩት ዝግጁነት ለሰብአዊ መብት ጥበቃ መርሆዎች ያላቸውን ቁርጠኝነት አናሳ መሆን የሚያመላክት አስተሳሰብን ይፈጥራል፡፡ “በዓለም ላይ ያሉ ህዝቦች ሁሉ ለነጻነታቸው እና ለመብቶቻቸው መጠበቅ የጋራ የሆነ ፍላጎት ያላቸው መሆናቸውን“ ኦባማ የረሱት ይመስላል፡፡

እ.ኤ.አ በ2008 ፕሬዚዳንት ኦባማ በጋና አክራን ሲጎበኙ ለአፍሪካ ወጣቶች ባደረጉት ንግግር ላይ የሚከተለውን መልዕክት አስተላልፈው ነበር፣ “ታሪክ ከጀግኖቹ አፍሪካውያን/ት ጎን ነው“ በማለት ማረጋገጫ ከሰጡ በኋላ እንዲህ ብለው ነበር፣ “መሪዎቻችሁ ለሚሰሯቸው ማናቸውም ስራዎች ሁሉ በህዝቡ ዘንድ ተጠያቂዎች እንዲሆኑ የማድረግ ስልጣኑ አላችሁ፣ እናም ህዝቡን ሊያገለግሉ የሚችሉ ተቋማትን መገንባት እና ማጠናከር አለባችሁ፡፡“ በቅርቡ ኦባማ ከእነዚያ ወጣት እና ጀግና ኢትዮጵያዊውያን/ት አፍሪካውያን/ት ወጣቶች እርሳቸው “እምነት ማጣት” እያሉ በሚጠሩት ከፍተኛ ዋጋ ሰጥተውት በነበረው ጉዳይ ላይ በድንገት ትልቅ ፈተና ገጥሟቸው ተስተውለዋል፡፡ በካሊፎርኒያ ግዛት በሳን ጆሴ የገንዘብ ማሰባሰቢያ መድረክ ላይ በትውልድ ኢትዮጵያዊ የሆነው ጋዜጠኛ እና የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋቹ አበበ ገላው በኋይት ሀውስ ድረገጽ ላይ እንደተለቀቀው ከፕሬዚዳንት ኦባማ ጋር የሚከተሉትን የሃሳብ ልውውጦች አድርጓል፣

አበበ ገላው (የስብሰባው ታዳሚ አባል)፡ ፕሬዚዳንት ኦባማ! ለኢትዮጵያ ነጻነት! ነጻነት! ነጻነት ለኢትዮጵያ ጌታዬ!
ፕሬዚዳንት፡ ለትንሽ ጊዜ ቆይ፡፡ በምትለው ጉዳይ ላይ እስማማለሁ ሆኖም ግን ስጨርስ ኋላ ለምን አላነጋግርህም፣ ምክንያቱም ለመጨረስ እየተቃረብኩ ነው (የመሳቅ ዓይነት አዝማሚያ እያሳዩ)፡፡ እኔ እና አንተ ስለጉዳዩ እንነጋገራለን፡፡ ወደዚያው አካባቢ እየመጣሁ ነው፡፡
አበበ ገላው (የስብሰባው ታዳሚ አባል)፡ (አይሰማም)–
ፕሬዚዳንት፡ እዚያ ሂድ
አበበ ገላው (የስብሰባው ታዳሚ አባል)፡ (አይሰማም)–
ፕሬዚዳንት፡ በምትለው ጉዳይ ላይ አስማማለሁ፡፡
አበበ ገላው (የስብሰባው ታዳሚ አባል)፡ (አይሰማም፡፡)
ፕሬዚዳንት፡ ከአንተ ለመስማት እፈልጋለሁ፡፡
አበበ ገላው (የስብሰባው ታዳሚ አባል)፡ እንወድዎታለን!
ፕሬዚዳንት፡ እኔም እወዳችኋለሁ፡፡ ብቻ የንግግሬን መጨረሻ አበላሸህብኝ፡፡ ቢሆንም ምንም አይደለም፡፡ (ሳቅ እና የድጋፍ ጭብጨባ ከታዳሚው አስተጋባ፡፡) እሺ፡፡ ይህች አገር የመናገር ነጻነት የተከበረባት ናት– (የድጋፍ ጭብጨባ እንደገና አስተጋባ)– ይህም ታላቅ ነገር ነው፡፡

ለአምላክ/አላህ ምስጋና ይግባውና በአሜሪካ የመናገር ነጻነት አለን፡፡ አንድ ተራ ጋዜጠኛ እና የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋች ግለሰብ በቁጥጥር ስር እውላለሁ ብሎ ሳይፈራ፣ እታሰራለሁ ብሎ ሳይሰጋ፣ ድብደባ ወይም ደግሞ ስቃይ ይደርስብኛል ብሎ ሳያስብ ለዩናይትድ ስቴትስ አሜሪካ ፕሬዚዳንት ቀጥ ብሎ ቆሞ በነጻነት መናገር ይችላል፡፡ ፕሬዚዳንት ኦባማ እና አበበ በአንድ ዓይነት ስሜት ሆነው ነው የተነጋገሩት፡፡ ፕሬዚዳንት ኦባማ ጋዜጠኛ አበበ የንግግራቸውን መጨረሻ እንዳበላሸባቸው በቀልድ መልክ ተናግረዋል፡፡ አበበ ግን የኦባማ የሰብአዊ መብት አያያዝ ፖሊሲ የትውልድ ሀገሩን እያበላሻት እንደሆነ በቁም ነገር ተናግሯል፡፡

ከዚህ ክስተት ልንማረው የምንችለው ታላቅ ቁም ነገር በዓለም ላይ ታላቅ ስልጣን እና ኃይል ያለው ሰው እና አንድ ተራ ዜጋ በዓለም መድረክ በአንድ ላይ መቆማቸው ነው፡፡ ምክንያቱም ሁለቱም በነጻነት ላይ በተለይም በመናገር ነጻነት ላይ እምነት አላቸው፡፡ በተቃራኒው ደግሞ አበበ ገላው በሳን ጆሴ ከተማ በመገኘት ድምጻቸውን ያሰማላቸው በብዙ ሚሊዮን የሚቆጠሩ ኢትዮጵያውያን/ት የመናገር ነጻነት ወይም እምነትን በነጻ የማራመድ ነጻነት ወይም ደግሞ የመሰብሰብ ወይም ለሚፈጸሙባቸው በደሎች ቅሬታ የማቅረብ ነጻነት የላቸውም፡፡ ለዚህም ነው አበበ ገላው ድምጹን ከፍ አድርጎ ለኢትዮጵያውያን/ት ወገኖቹ ነጻነት ሲል “ፕሬዚዳነት ኦባማ! ነጻነት ለኢትዮጵያ!“ እያለ የጮኸው፡፡

ፕሬዚዳንት ኦባማ በኢትዮጵያ እና በሌሎች የአፍሪካ አገሮች የመናገር ነጻነት እና ሌሎች ነጻነቶች እንዲኖሩ እምነት ያላቸው በመሆኑ ጉዳይ ላይ ጥርጣሬ የለኝም፡፡ ጥያቄው ተያያዥነት በሌላቸው ባዶ የተስፋ ቃላትን በማነብነብ የተግባር ኮስማና እና ድሁር የመሆናቸው እና የአፍሪካን ወሮበላ አምባገነኖች በጽናት የመደገፋቸው ጉዳይ ነው፡፡ ኦባማ በኢትዮጵያ ሀሳብን በነጻነት የመግለጽ መብት ላይ በእርግጠኝነት እምነት ያላቸው ከሆነ ለምንድን ነው እርሳቸው ወይም (የእርሳቸው የመንግስት መምሪያ ጸሐፊ፣ አምባሳደሮች እና ተወካዮቻቸው) የእርሳቸውን የመናገር ነጻነት እና በኢትዮጵያ በእስር ቤት የሚማቅቁትን ጋዜጠኞች እና ጦማሪስቶች እንደ እስክንድር ነጋ፣ ርዕዮት ዓለሙ፣ ውብሸት ታዬ፣ አስማማው ኃ/ጊዮርጊስ፣ ተስፋለም ወልደየስ፣ ኤዶም ካሳዬ፣ አቤል ዋቤላ፣ አጥናፍ ብርሀኔ፣ ማህሌት ፋንታሁን፣ ናትናኤል ፈለቀ፣ ዘላለም ክብረት እና በፈቃዱ ኃይሉ ከብዙዎቹ ጥቂቶቹን ለመጥቀስ ያህል እንዲፈቱ ጥረት ሲያደርጉ የማይታዩት፡፡

ነጻነት በነጻ የማይገኝ መሆኑን ፕሬዚዳንት ኦባማ በእርግጠኝነት ማወቅ አለባቸው፡፡ ተግባርን አግልሎ በረዥሙ ምላሳቸው ስለይስሙላ ነጻነት ብቻ ማውራት ርካሽ ንግግር ነው፡፡ በተደጋጋሚ እየተደረጉ ያሉት በጣም በርካታ ሆኖም ግን እርባናየለሽ ንግግሮች ናቸው፡፡ እናም በኢትዮጵያ ነጻነት እጅግ ውድ የሆነ ዋጋ ተከፍሎበት የሚመጣ ጉዳይ ነው፡፡ እስክንድር ነጋ፣ ርዕዮት ዓለሙ፣ ውብሸት ታዬ እና ሌሎቸም የእራሳቸውን ድሎት ሰውተው ለነጻነት የሚከፈለውን ክቡር ዋጋ በመክፈል ላያ ናቸው፡፡ ለሰው ልጆች የነጻነት ክብር ሲሉ በእስር ቤት ውስጥ በመማቀቅ ላይ ይገኛሉ፡፡ የእነዚህ ትንታንግ የነጻነት ታጋዮች የመኖር ሚስጥሩ በሰው ልጆች ላይ የሚፈጸሙትን ወንጀሎች ለመታገል ነው፡፡

እ.ኤ.አ በ2005 ወደ 200 አካባቢ የሚጠጉ ምንም ዓይነት የጦር መሳሪያ ያልታጠቁ ሰላማዊ የነጻነት ታጋዮች ለነጻነት ሲሉ ክቡር ህይወታቸውን መስዋዕት አድርገዋል፡፡ በአስር ሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ ንጹሀን ዜጎች ሩብ ምዕተ ዓመታትን ባስቆጠረው የአምባገነኖች የአገዛዝ ስርዓት ለነጻነት ሲሉ ውድ ህይወታቸውን ገብረዋል፡፡ የእነዚህ ንጹሀን ዜጎች ገዳዮች በአሁኑ ጊዜ በአገሪቱ በከፍተኛው የስልጣን ወንበር ላይ እንደ መዥገር ተጣብቀው እና ያለምንም ተጠያቂነት ደረታቸውን ነፍተው በአውራ መንገዶች እንደ ነጻ ሰው ሁሉ ሰው መስለው በወንጀል ባህር ውስጥ ሲዋኙ እንዳልቆዩ እና አሁንም እየዋኙ እያሉ መሆናቸው እየታወቀ ነጻ እና ከወንጀል የጸዱ በመምሰል ደረታቸውን ገልብጠው ሲንገዋለሉ እና ሲኮፈሱ ይታያሉ፣ የቁርጥ ቀን የማይመጣ መስሏቸው፡፡ ኦባማ አነዚህን ወሮበላ አምባገነኖች በየዓመቱ በቢሊዮኖች የሚቆጠሩ የአሜሪካ ዶላሮች በመለገስ በስልጣኖቻቸው ላይ ተጣብቀው ህዝብን ሲያሰቃዩ እንዲኖሩ ያደርጓቸዋል ብሎ መናገር ማጋነን አይሆንም፡፡ ተዋቂዋ የአፍሪካ የኢኮኖሚክስ ምሁር የሆኑት እና “የበከተ እርዳታ/Dead Aid” የሚለው መጽሐፍ ደራሲ የሆኑት ዳምቢሳ ሞዮ እንደዘገቡት “በኢትዮጵያ በጣም ግዙፍ የሆነው በጀት 97 በመቶ የሚሆነው የመንግስት በጀት የሚመጣው ከውጭ እርዳታ ነው፡፡“ ብለዋል፡፡ ዩናይትድ ስቴትስ አሜሪካ በኢትዮጵያ ያለዜጎች ይሁንታ በጉልበት በስልጣን ላይ ተፈናጥጦ ለሚገኘው ወሮበላ ገዥ አካል ሽማግሌ አናትም አባትም ናት! በአሁኑ ጊዜ 90 ሚሊዮን የሚሆነው የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ክብሩን እያጣ እየተሰቃየ፣ ኢፍትሀዊነት ድርጊት እየተፈጸመበት እና መብቱ በወሮበላዎች እና በሙስና በበከቱ ደንቆሮ መሪዎች ነን ባዮች መዳፍ ስር ወድቆ አሳር ፍዳውን በመቀበል ላይ ይገኛል፡፡

የኦባማን የሰብአዊ መብት አያያዝ ፖሊሲዎች እና መርሆዎች ከሚናገሯቸው ባዶ የሰብአዊ መብት ንግግሮች ለመለየት አይቻልም፡፡ ለአሳድ በምናባቸው “ቀይ መስመር” በማስመር የሶሪያን ህዝብ ሊጭርስ የሚችል ኬሚካላዊ መሳሪያ መጠቀም እንዳይችሉ የተሰመረውን ቀዩን መስመር እንዳያልፉ ያስጠነቅቋቸዋል፡፡ ባለፉት በርካታ ወራት አሳድ ይህንን ኬሚካላዊ መሳሪያ በመጠቀም ቢያንስ 14 ጊዜ ተግብረውታል፡፡ ለአፍሪካ ወሮበላ አምባገነኖች ኦባማ ቀጥሉ የሚል አረንጓዴ መብራት በማሳየት በቀዩ መብራት የሰብአዊ መብት ወንጀሎች እንዲፈጸሙ ትዕዛዝ ሰጥተዋል፡፡

የአቦማ አስተዳደር የሰብአዊ መብት መርሆዎች እንዲከበሩ ከልብ ተነሳሽነቱን የማያሳይ ከሆነ በተስፋ የሚያስሞሉ እና የዜጎችን ቀልቦች የሚገዙ ታላላቅ መግለጫዎችን እና ንግግሮችን በሚሊዮኞች ለሚቆጠሩ ለዓለም ዓቀፉ የማህበረሰብ አባላት በተደጋጋሚ ማሰማቱ ፋይዳው ምንድን ነው? የኦባማ አስተዳደር ይህን አሰልች እና አደንቋሪ የውሸት የሰብአዊ መብት አጠባበቅ መዝሙር ሲያሰማ ህዝቡ በሚደሰኮረው ዲስኩር እና በተጨባጭ ምንም የተደረገ ነገር ያለመኖሩን ሊያገናዝብ የሚችል አዕምሮ የሌለው ደደብ እና ደንቆሮ አድርገው ሊቆጥሩት ይሞክራሉን? ለምንድን ነው አቦማ በተደጋጋሚ በተግባር ሲያውሏቸው የማይታዩ የአስመሳይነት እና እምነተቢስነት ንግግሮችን እንደበቀቀን እየደጋገሙ ሲናገሩ የሚደመጡት? ፕሬዚዳንት ኦባማ! እስቲ ቆም ብለው ያስተውሉ፣ የአፍሪካ ወሮበላ አምባገነኖች በጊዜ ሂደት የሰብአዊ መብት ጥበቃን የሚያራምዱ እና መርሆዎቻቸው አድርገው ለመተግበር እንደገና ሊበራል ዴሞክራቶች ሆነው ይወለዳሉ ብለው ያስባሉን? የአረም አበባዎች አድገው ጽጌረዳ ይሆናሉን?

ላሜሪካ የሰብአዊ መብትን የሚተካ የኢሰብአዊ ፖሊሲ የቀረበ ሀሳብ፣

ኦባማ በውጭ ግንኙነት ፖሊሲ የሰብአዊ መብትን በኢሰብአዊ ፖሊሲ መቀየሩ ይበጃል፡፡ የእርሳቸው ስልታዊ የሆኑ ብሄራዊ የሀገር ጥቅሞችን ብቻ በሚያስገኙ ተግባራዊ የፖለቲካ ተግባራት ላይ ብቻ ማተኮራቸው የሞራል ሰብዕናን እና ትክክል ያልሆኑ የፖለቲካ እሴቶችን እንዲያሽቆለቁሉ አድርጓቸዋል፡፡ በሌላ አባባል ስለሰብአዊ መብት ጥሩ እና ጥሩ ያልሆኑ ንግግሮችን ይናገራሉ፡፡ አምባገነናዊ ስርዓት ስለሚያከትምበት እና ዴሞክራሲ በዓለም ላይ ስለሚያብበት ሁኔታ ይናገራሉ ሆኖም ግን የአሜሪካንን የአጭር ጊዜም እንኳ ቢሆን ብሄራዊ ጥቅሟን ከሚነካ አካሄድ ጋር ለሰከንድ እንኳ በፍጹም የሚታሰብ ጉዳይ አይደለም፡፡

እንደ ትክክለኛው አካሄድ ኦባማ የዩናይትድ ስቴትስን “የተሳሳተ የኢሰብአዊ ፖሊሲ” ቢያንስ በአፍሪካ አህጉር ውስጥ በመርህ ደረጃ በመመስረት እና በዓለም አቀፍ ደረጃ እውቅና ያላቸው የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰቶች በአፍሪካ ሲፈጸሙ ዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ተመልክታ ጆሮ አልባ መሆኗን ማሳወቅ አለባት፡፡ የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ የኢሰብአዊ ፖሊሲ መብት መርሆዎች በሚከተሉት ቀላል ሀሳቦች ላይ የተመሰረቱ ይሆናሉ፡

አፍሪካ በምዕራቡ ዓለም እንደሚታሰበው ወይም ደግሞ በተግባር እንደሚስተዋለው የሰብአዊ መብት ጥበቃ አስፈላጊዋ አይደለም፡፡ “ሰላም እና መረጋጋት” ዩናይትድ ስቴትስ በአፍሪካ ላይ የምታራምደው ትልቁ እና ጠቃሚዋ የፖሊሲ አካሄድ መሳሪዋ ነው፡፡ በአፍሪካ አምባገነን መሪዎች የሚፈጸሙ ሰብአዊ ወንጀሎች ሌሎች አለመረጋጋቶችን እና ግጭቶችን ይወልዳሉ ከሚል የተሳሳተ እምነት አንጻር ዩናይትድ ስቴትስ አይታ እንዳላየ፣ ሰምታ እንዳልሰማ ጆሮ ዳባ ልበስ በማለት ታልፈዋለች፡፡ (ለምሳሌ ያህል በደቡብ ሱዳን ሳልቫኪር እና ሬክ ማቻር በሚያደርጉት ሰይጣናዊ ድርጊት ሰበብ ለፈጸሙት ግድያ፣ እልቂት፣ ዘር ማጥፋት፣ ህዝብን በኃይል ከሚኖርበት ቀየ ማፈናቀል፣ እስራት፣ ስቃይ አስገድዶ መድፈር እና የጎሳ ዘር ማጥፋት ወንጀሎች ከተጣያቂነት ነጻ ነው የሚሆኑት፡፡)

የዩናይትድ ስቴትስን ዓለም አቀፋዊ እና አህጉራዊ ጥቅሞች እስካከበሩ እና ዩናይትድ ስቴትስ በአሸባሪነት ላይ የከፈተችውን ጦርነት እስካልተቃወሙ ድረስ የአፍሪካ ወሮበላ አምባገነኖች በአፍሪካ አህጉር ላይ በጠራራ ጸሐይ ኮሮጆ ገልብጠው ምርጫ ሲዘርፉ እና ስልጣናቸውን ከህግ አግባብ ውጭ እየተጠቀሙ በአፍሪካውያን/ት ዜጎች ላይ የቁማር ጨዋታ ሲጫወቱ አሜሪካ ጸጥ በማለት በትዕግስት የምትመለከተው ደንታም የማይሰጣት የዕለት ከዕለት ጉዳዩዋ ሆኗል፡፡

የፍራንክሊን ዲ.ሩዝቬልት “በየትኛውም የዓለም ክፍል” እንዲተገበሩ የሚገባቸው አራቱ አስፈላጊ የሰው ልጆች ነጻነቶች በአፍሪካ ላይ ግን ተግባራዊ አይሆኑም፡፡ ዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ጨለማ የተንሰራፋበትን የአምባገነኖች አገዛዝ በማንኮታኮት እራሷን ከጀግና የነጻ የዓለም ህዝቦች ጋር ለማስተሳሰር የሩዝቬልትን ራዕይ አትከተልም፡፡ “አራት አስፈላጊ የሆኑ የሰው ልጅ ነጻነቶች የሚገለጹባት ዓለምን ዕውን ሆና ማየት እንፈልጋለን፡፡” በማለት ሩዝቬልት የተናገሩትን ወደ ተግባር ለአፍሪቃ አያስፈለግም፡፡የመጀመሪያው የመናገር እና ሀሳብን በነጻ የመግለጽ መብት – (ከአፍሪካ አህጉር በስተቀር በዓለም ላይ ሁሉ)፡፡ ሁለተኛው ማንም ሰው በራሱ መንገድ አምላኩን የማምለክ እና የፈለገውን እምነት በመያዝ የእራሱን እምነት የማራመድ መብት – (ከአፍሪካ አህጉር በስተቀር)፡፡ ሶስተኛው የፍላጎት ነጻነት መብት – ከዓለም አቀፍ ሁኔታ አንጻር ሲተረጎም ይህ ማለት የእያንዳንዱን አገር ጤናማ የሰላም ጊዜ የማስፈን እና የእያንዳንዱን ዜጋ ፍላጎት – በየትኛውም የዓለም ክፍል ማሟላት (ከአፍሪካ በስተቀር)፡፡ አራተኛው ከፍርሀት ነጻ የመሆን መብት… ከዚህ አንጻር ማንም ጠብ አጫሪ አገር ተነስቶ በጎረቤቱ ላይ የኃይል እርምጃ በመውሰድ ጥቃት አይፈጽምም፡፡ እንደዚሁም በዓለም ላይ ጥቃት ለመፈጸም አይቻለውም (ከአፍሪካ በስተቀር)፡፡ የሩዝቬልት ዓለም አቀፍ የሰብአዊ ድንጋጌ እና ሌሎችም በድንጋጌው እየተፈተሉ የሚገኙት ዓለም አቀፍ የሰብአዊ መብት ስምምነቶች በየትኛውም የዓለም ክፍል ላይ ተግባራዊ ይደረጋሉ (ከአፍሪካ በስተቀር)፡፡

በዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ትክክለኛ እና “በተግባር ተኮር ፖለቲካ” ፖሊሲ ላይ እራሱን ብቁ ያደረገ በሚከተሉት የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ፖሊሲ የሰብአዊ መብት ፖሊሲ ግድፈቶችን ግልጽ በሆነ መልኩ ያካትታል የሚል እምነት አለኝ፡፡ የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋቾች እና የሰብአዊ መብት ደፍጣጮች በአፍሪካ ላይ ዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ስላሏት እሴቶች፣ መርሆዎች እና ፖሊሲዎች ግልጽ የሆነ ግንዛቤ ይኖራቸዋል የሚል እምነት አለኝ፡፡ ዩናይትድ ስቴትስ በአፍሪካ ላይ ስላሏት ዝንባሌዎች እና ዓላማዎች እንዲሁም አለመግባባቶች እና ግንዛቤ ያለመኖር ችግሮች አይኖሩም፡፡ የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋቾች ዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ስለሚኖራት የሰብአዊ መብት ስህተቶች የሚናገሩት በጣም ጥቂት ነገር ብቻ ይሆናል፡፡ ከንፈሮቻቸውን ይነክሳሉ፡፡ አብዛኞቹ የአፍሪካ አምባገነኖች ለሰሩት ታማኘነት ላለው እና መልካም ስራ ትክክለኛ ምስጋና ያገኛሉ፡፡ ዩናይትድ ሰቴትስ ወዲያውኑ እነዚህን አምባገነኖች እንዳላየች አድርጋ የመሄድ አስመሳይነቷን ታቆማለች፡፡

ኢትዮጵያ በክብር ለዘላለም ትኑር!
ግንቦት 12 ቀን 2006 ዓ.ም

posted by Daniel tesfaye

Ethiopia crackdown on student protests taints higher education success

May 22,2014

Western backers of the Ethiopian education system should not ignore reports of violent clashes on university campuses

MDG : Ethiopi : Student protest in Ambo

Oromia, Ethiopia, where at least three dozen people were reportedly shot dead by security forces during student protests

Over the past 15 years, Ethiopia has become home to one of the world’s fastest-growing higher education systems. Increasing the number of graduates in the country is a key component of the government’s industrialisation strategy and part of its ambitious plan to become a middle-income country by 2025. Since the 1990s, when there were just two public universities, almost 30 new institutions have sprung up.

On the face of it, this is good news for ordinary Ethiopians. But dig a little deeper and tales abound of students required to join one of the three government parties, with reports of restricted curricula, classroom spies and crackdowns on student protests commonplace at universities.

Nowhere has this been more evident than in Ambo in Oromia state. On 25 April, protests against government plans to bring parts the town under the administrative jurisdiction of the capital, Addis Ababa, began at Ambo University. By the following Tuesday, as protests spread to the town and other areas of Oromia, dozens of demonstrators had been killed in clashes with government forces, according to witnesses.

As Ethiopia experiences rapid economic expansion, its government plans to grow the capital out rather than up, and this involves annexing parts of the surrounding Oromia state. An official communique from the government absolved it of all responsibility for the clashes, claiming that just eight people had been killed and alleging that the violence had been coordinated by a few rogue anti-peace forces. The government maintains that it is attempting to extend Addis Ababa’s services to Oromia through its expansion of the city limits.

However, Oromia opposition figures tell a different story. On 2 May, the nationalist organisation the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) issued a press release that condemned the “barbaric and egregious killing of innocent Oromo university students who have peacefully demanded the regime to halt the displacement of Oromo farmers from their ancestral land, and the inclusion of Oromo cities and surrounding localities under Finfinnee [Addis Ababa] administration under the pretext of development”. The Addis Ababa regime dismisses the OLA as a terrorist organisation.

While news of the killing of unarmed protesters has caused great concern among many Ethiopians, there has been little coverage overseas. The government maintains strict control over the domestic media; indeed, it frequently ranks as one of the world’s chief jailers of journalists, and it is not easy to come by independent reporting of events in the country.

Nevertheless, the government’s communique does run contrary to reports by the few international media that did cover the attacks in Ambo, which placed the blame firmly on government forces.

The BBC reported that a witness in Ambo saw more than 20 bodies on the street, while Voice of America (VOA) reported that at least 17 protesters were killed by “elite security forces” on three campuses in Oromia. Local residents maintain that the figure [of those killed] was much higher.

These reports, while difficult to corroborate, have been backed up by Human Rights Watch, which issued a statement saying that “security forces have responded [to the protests] by shooting at and beating peaceful protesters in Ambo, Nekemte, Jimma, and other towns with unconfirmed reports from witnesses of dozens of casualties”. One university lecturer said he had been “rescued from the live ammunition”, and that it was the “vampires – the so-called federal police” who fired on the crowds.

The Ethiopian government likes to trumpet its higher education system to its western aid backers as a crowning success of its development policy. As billions in foreign aid are spent annually on Ethiopia, the west must be more cognisant of the fact that this money helps reinforce a government which cuts down those who dare to speak out against it.

Inevitably, continued support for such an oppressive regime justifies its brutal silencing of dissent. Yes, the higher education system has grown exponentially over the past 15 years but the oppression and killing of innocent students cannot be considered an achievement. Any system which crushes its brightest should not be considered a success.

Paul O’Keeffe is a doctoral fellow at La Sapienza University of Rome, where he focuses on the higher education system in Ethiopia.

 

Source: The Guardian.

posted by Daniel tesfaye

እየሳቁ ማልቀስ! (የማለዳ ወግ)እየሳቁ ማልቀስ! (የማለዳ ወግ)

 

 

 

May 22, 2014

ነቢዩ ሲራክ

በለጋ እድሜዋ ትዳር መስርታ ሁለት ትጉህ መንታ ልጆች የታደለች እህት ከትዳር ጓደኛዋ ችግር ገጠማት። የ “ተበዳይ ነኝ!” ባይ ወዳጀን ምሬት ደጋግሜ ብሰማም ከቀናት በፊት “በደለኝ!” ያለችው የትዳር አጋሯ በኮሚኒቲው ሽምግልና ኮሚቴ በኩል ክስ መስራቱን እና የክስ ጥሪ እንደደረሳት ሰማሁ። ከአሰር አመት በፊት እድሜዋ ገና የ17 አመት እያለ የዛሬ የ12 አመት እድሜ የሆነውን ትልቁን ልጀን ያሳደገችውን እህት የቆየ አብሮነት ትውስታ እያሰብኩ የአለመግባባቱን ሽምግልና ወደሚከወንበት የጅዳ ኮሚኒቲ ሽምግልናውን ለመታዘብ መጓዝ ጀመርኩ። የያኔዋ ጉብል በኮንትራት ስራ መጥታ ከአሰሪወችዋ ልታመልጥ ከሶስተኛ ፎቅ የወደቀችበትን አሳዝኝ ታሪክ ጀምሮ ከብላቴና ልጀ ጋር ውለው ሲያድሩ የነበረውን ሁሉ ስደት እና ድህነት በልጅነት እድሜዋ ላይ የጣለውን ህመም አስታወስኩ። እግረ መንገዴን ይህን ሁሉ አውጥቸ አውርጀ ያ ሁሉ አልፎ ለዛሬ ወግ ማዕረግና ለመንታ ልጆች በረከት ያደላትን ፈጣሪ ስራ አስታውሸ” ለፈጣሪ ምን ይሳነዋል!” ስል አምላኬን አመሰገንኩት!Nebyu Sirak Ethiopian journalist in Saudi Arabia

ወደ ኮሚኒቲው ጽ/ቤት ብዙም ሳልቆይ ደረስኩ። “በደል ደረሰብኝ!” ባይ ቀድማ በቀጠሮዋ ተገኝታለች ። “ልጆቸን ጥላ ሔደች” ባይ ከሳሽ ባል ዘግይቶ መጣ። ጉዳዩን ለመታዘብ ከባልም ለሚስትም ወገን የመጣን ታዛቢ ሽማግሌወች ሁለት ሶስት ስንሆን ሁላችንም በባልና ሚስት መካከል ሰላም እንዲወርድ ተመኘን። በበዳይ በተበዳይየደረሰወን ሁሉ የሚሰሙት ሽማግሌዎች መሆኑ በጀ። እኛ በበዳይ በተበዳይም ላይ ያረፈውን የዱላ አሸራ እያነሳን ብንሸመግል ሽምግልናው ፍርሻ በሆነ ነበር ስል ማሰቤ አልቀረም። ብቻ ኮሚኒቲው ከተመሰረተ በርካታ ጀምሮ በሽምግልናው ረገድ ተመሳሳይ ፋና ወጊ ማህበራዊ ጉዳዮችን በመስራት ላይ ያለው ኮሚቴ አባላት ትናንትም ዛሬም ቤት እንዳይፈርስ፣ ወገን ከወገኑ ሲጋጭ ገጭቱን በወግ በስርአት በማሸማገል ይሰራሉና ብዙውን አስታውሸ አመሰገንኳቸው። ትልቁን ስራ የሚሰራው የዚህ ኮሚቴ አባላት የዚህችን ብላቴና ትዳር ለልጆች ሲባል መታደጋቸውን ከበር ሆነን ሽምግልናውን ስንከታተል ለነበርነውን መልካም የምስራች አበሰሩን! ባልና ሚስት ልዩትን አስወግደው ለመኖር ተስማምተው ባንድ መኪና ተያይዘው ሲሔዱ የአብራካቸው ክፋዮችን ደስታ መመልከት በራሱ ልዩ የደስታ ስሜትን ይሰጥ ነበር)

ይህንን ሽምግልና ለመታዘብ በጠራራው ጸሃይ በኮሚኒቲው ግቢ ከአንዳንድ ወንድሞቸ ጋር “እንኳን ከእስር በሰላም ወጣህ!” ከሚለው ሰሞነኛ የደስታ መግለጫ ጀምረን በቅርቡ ደጋግሜ ስለማነሳው በግና ፍየል ጠባቂ የነበረ ወንድም የወህኒ አበሳ መጨዋወት ጀመርን። አንዳንዶች ይህ ወንድም ከጅዳ ቆንስል የቅርብ ርቀት በህክምና ላይ እያለ መረጃ ያቀበሉኝ ነበሩና የሰማሁ ያየሁትን ሳጫውታቸው አስደንጋጩን አበሰሩኝ: (በገዛ ወገኑ አካሉ የፈረሰው ወንድም ሊሴ ፖሴ ተሰርቶለት ከሳምታት በፊት ወደ ሃገር መግባቱን ነበር ያረዱኝ: (መረጃው በሽምግልናው የተሰማኝን ደስታየን ነጠቀኝ) በስጨት ብየ ወደ ቤቴ አመራውሁ… ይህንንስ ዝም በሚል ቁሽት ተጀቡኘ!

ከድብደባው ጀምሮ እስከ ህክምናውና በቅርብ እስከ ነበረው የተቃወሰ የዚህ ግፉ ወንድም የሰበሰብኩትን መረጃዎችን “ህይዎት በብሪማን ብየ ለሁለት ወራት ያለማቋረጥ በያዝኩት ማስታወሻ ሰፍሯል። እሱኑ እያገላበጥኩ ባየውም ህመም እንጅ ያገኘሁት ፋይዳ የለም! ደግሞስ ምን ማድረግ ይቻለኛል? ግለሰቦች ምንም ማድረግ ባይቻለን የመንግስት ተወካዮቻችን በዜጎች ላይ እንዲህ ግፍ ሲፈጸም ጉዳዩን ለሚመለከተው አካል ማድረስ አለመቻላቸው ውስጤን ቢያደማው ሙሉ ታሪኩን ቀን ሲወጣ በመረጃ አስደግፊ እስካቀርበው ከደማው ለቤ ይህችን ታክል ማለትን ወደድኩ…

ወዳጆቸ ሆይ! የዚህ ወንድም ወደ ሃገር ቤት ገባ በሚል የደረሰኘ መረጃው እርግጠኛ መሆኑን ገና አላረጋገጥኩም። መረጃው አውነት ሆኖ ከምስኪን ወገኖቹ ተቀላቅሎ ከሆነ ግን ይህን ወንድም ከንፈር ከመምጠጥ ባለፈ ልንደግፈው፣ በማቋቋሙና ከጎኑ ልንቆም ግድ ይለናል! በዚህ ረገድ መረጃውን ከማረጋገጥ ጀምሮ አድራሻውን አፈላልጋለሁ። እኛ በህግ ፊት ቀርበን መሞገት አይቻለንም፣ ይህን ማድረግ እየቻሉ ያላደረጉት በጸጸት ይንደዱ! እኛ ግን ከሁሉም በላይ “ነግ በእኔን” ትተን ለፈጣሪ ስንል ሰብአዊነት ተሰምቶን የምንችል ሁላችንም የአርዳታ እጃችን እንድንዘረጋ አደራ እላችኋለሁ!

(ሁለት አይኑ በድብደባ የጠፋውንና ፊቱ ሙሉ በሙሉ አይሆኑ የሆነው ወንድም ከሰውነት ተራ ያወጣ ጉዳት የሚያሳዩ ፎቶዎች በእጀ ላይ ቢገኙም ሁሉንም ልጥፍና ላሳዝናችሁ ግን አልሻም!)

አንድየ ይታረቀን ! ቸር ያሰማን!

posted by Daniel tesfaye

Ethiopia: Bloggers of the World, Unite!

Bloggers of the World, Unite!

May 22, 2014

Bloggers of the World, Unite!

Today is the 25th day in jail for Zone 9 Bloggers in Ethiopia. They have not been charged; in fact, the government could not come up with reasonable cause for detaining the 6 bloggers and 3 journalists. It has now come to our attention that two have been tortured. All they did was blog about conditions in their own country. Corruption has gone out of control; in a decade beginning in 2001 $16.5 billions have been illicitly transferred to foreign banks [according to Washington, DC-based Global Financial Integrity]. There are chronic water, power and food shortages. The state security literally eavesdrops on telephone conversations and controls Internet connectivity making Ethiopia the least served in Africa. The ruling party took office through the barrel of the gun and divided the country arbitrarily along ethnic lines [and later orchestrated a sham elections that it won]. This is 22 years ago. It has made it clear that it will not hand over or share power through the ballot box. It refused to abide by results of the 2005 elections when it was dealt a humiliating defeat. A year later, it abolished all opposition on the pretext of terrorism which the US and UK governments wholly endorsed and financed. All grassroots organizations that the ruling party did not like were de-registered. Ethiopia now leads the world in the number of journalists jailed or exiled and in human rights abuses.

If you are a blogger you can be part of a global effort to give voice to those denied and to help free those in jail for demanding their constitutional and unalienable rights. Please send a note to Obama and Cameron Administrations, to European Parliament, etc or simply to friends. We can change conditions both locally and globally if we come together. We refuse to bend to those who seek to divide our humanity in order to remain in power! Freedom! Freedom! Freedom!

posted by Daniel tesfaye

The Ethiopian People have Said No to Ethnic Federalism

May 21, 2014

Wow Aboy Sibhat I wish I heard this one 23 years ago what he said on German Amharic recently, Ethiopian and Eritrean people are One and the Same.Aboy Sibhat I wish I heard this one 23 years ago

If we put into practice the language based Ethnic Federalism the crown jewel of TPLF/EPRDF the coastal area of Eritrea will be Afar Kilil and the highland part will be incorporated in to Tigrai Kilil. Foreign powers suggested such alternative long time ago but Emperor Haileselassie rejected it.

The promised “discussion” which is going to be initiated by Sibhat Nega the founder of TPLF shortly will bring in all the people of Ethiopia, from Asmara to Ogaden, Metema to Asab, Borena Neglle to Addis Ababa in general people of all nations and nationalities of Ethiopia.

Some will accuse such initiative as the “Habesha Conspiracy”. They know very well that such initiative will bury their dream of establishing “The Oromo Republic” and the “Ogaden Republic” the two front runners among many “to be formed Republics” based on the TPLF/EPRDF Constitution of 1995 Article 39.

We saw “implementation” of that article on the Oromo Kilil after waiting almost 23 years. Can we say without any doubt what the Oromo Kilil is asking is no different from what Shabia asked 23 years ago?

Aboy Sibhat claim of the “Ethnic Federalism” as a case study for the whole of Africa on how to make Ethnic Federalism an attractive alternative to avoid disintegration of the African countries is not serious. We know it failed miserably in Ethiopia.

South Sudan that has been in Ethnic war since December 2013 should redraw its map at least into Dinka and Nuir Kilil if we take the wisdom of Aboy Sibhat and “learn” from Ethiopia’s model of Ethnic Federalism.

Ethiopians in major protest estimated more than one million in Addis Ababa nine years ago denounced Ethnic Federalism practiced by the regime and we should give the same opportunity for the people of South Sudan what they think of redrawing their country into Ethnic Kilils.

Ethnic Federalism is a “Master Plan” of Fascist Italy more than seven decades ago which has been practiced in the last 23 years in Ethiopia. It is a bad model should be rejected by the people of Africa. It will not empower the people and put them into perpetual conflict like the one we recently witnessed in the Oromo Kilil and other Kilils of Ethiopia.by Tedla Asfaw

posted by Daniel tesfaye

Post Navigation